As uncovered in our Left for Dead series, there are more than 10,000 known Jane and John Does in the U.S. – unidentified and unclaimed bodies languishing in limbo for years, sometimes for decades.

In this episode of Reveal, we crisscross the nation tracing these cold cases, showing why so many bodies remain unidentified despite new and powerful forensic tools. In some cases, amateur Web sleuths end up cracking cases that stymied law enforcement.

She Never Left Harlan Alive

In 1969, a young woman was found stabbed to death in Harlan, Kentucky, and buried without a name.

To many locals, she’s known as “Mountain Jane Doe.” To Darla Jackson and Todd Matthews, her case deserved a little extra digging.

We follow Darla and Todd into the wooded hills of Harlan to exhume the body of Mountain Jane Doe. What they end up finding is … unexpected.

Unidentified Migrants Reach Undignified End

Out of the thousands of unidentified bodies scattered across the country, many are found in South Texas, where migrants are crossing into the US from Mexico.

Crossing the border is treacherous — it’s hot and there’s a lot of ground to cover. Dehydration and heatstroke claim many who try to make the trek. And dying in Brooks County means that sometimes, their bodies aren’t found, let alone identified.

So what happens to these remains? Host Al Letson and producer Delaney Hall travel to the border to find out, and they interview The Investigative Fund’s John Carlos Frey about what he learned while reporting.

  • The funeral home connected with the botched burials was part of a chain. Its CEO was one of Rick Perry's top donors.

  • The Deadly Checkpoint

    Read more from our award-winning series “The Deadly Checkpoint,” which captured the intense desperation experienced by dying migrants and produced a life-saving influx of search-and-rescue agents to the region.

This segment was produced in partnership with The Investigative Fund at The Nation Institute, now known as Type Investigations.

Buried in Blue Earth

In 1980, 18-year-old Michelle Busha left home and never returned. It’s every family’s worst nightmare and it’s a circumstance so tragic that it touched a complete stranger thousands of miles away.

Reporter Michael Montgomery meets two women who didn’t know each other, but each had a deep connection to the young woman who disappeared 35 years ago.

Solving the case was bittersweet. Both women found the answers they were seeking, but one had to face the reality of her sister’s chilling death.

The Code for Cracking Cold Cases

Throughout this episode, we’ve heard about NamUs, a federal database of missing and unidentified persons. This system allows law enforcement agencies and amateur sleuths to search and gather information about active cases. Networks and communities of volunteer detectives have grown online – sleuthing on their own time.

In an effort to make matching those lost and found easier, Reveal’s data team created a new tool using data from NamUs.

Listen as senior data editor Jennifer LaFleur walks us through how the tool works and how users can help solve some of America’s coldest cases.


This story is featured on the September episode of “Reveal,” a new investigative public radio program and podcast produced by The Center for Investigative Reporting, a nonprofit newsroom based in California, and PRX. Subscribe to the podcast and learn more at

Segment #2 of this episode was produced in partnership with The Investigative Fund at The Nation Institute, now known as Type Investigations.